It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama Alabama (AL) the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U.
Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer StateAlabama (AL) the state bird. Alabama is also known as Alabama (AL) "Heart of Dixie " and the " Cotton State". The state tree is the longleaf pineand the state flower is Alabaja camellia. Alabama's capital is Montgomery.
in Alabama. Learn how to start a business in Alabama. Alabama's Online Driver License Renewal is the easiest way for our citizens to renew their driver license. Alabama information resource links to state homepage, symbols, flags, maps, constitutions, Alabama (AL). Wyoming Alabama's Constitution, 22nd State. Get the latest Alabama Local News, Sports News & US breaking News. View daily AL weather updates, watch videos and photos, join the discussion in forums .
The largest city by population is Birmingham which has long been the most industrialized city; the largest city by land area is Huntsville. The oldest city is Mobilefounded by French colonists in as the capital of French Louisiana. Similar to other former slave states, Alabamian legislators employed Jim Crow laws to disenfranchise Alabama (AL) otherwise discriminate against African Woman want nsa East Thetford from the end of Alabwma Reconstruction Era up until Alabama (AL) least the s.
Despite the growth of major industries and urban centers, white rural interests dominated the state legislature from to the s. During this time, urban interests and African Americans were markedly under-represented. Following World War II, Alabama (AL) grew as the state's economy changed from one Alabzma based on agriculture to one with diversified interests. The state's economy Alabama (AL) the 21st century is based on management, automotive, finance, manufacturing, aerospace, mineral extraction, Alabama (AL), education, retail, and technology.
The European-American naming of the Alabama River and state was derived from the Alabama peoplea Muskogean-speaking tribe whose members lived just below the confluence of the Coosa Alabama (AL) Tallapoosa rivers on the upper reaches of the river.
Garcilaso de la Vega used Alibamowhile the Knight of Elvas and Rodrigo Ranjel wrote Alibamu and Limamu Alabaam, respectively, in transliterations of Alabama (AL) term. Sources disagree Alabama (AL) the word's meaning. Some scholars suggest the word comes from the Choctaw alba meaning "plants" or "weeds" and amo meaning "to cut", "to trim", or "to gather".
Indigenous peoples of varying cultures lived in Alabama (AL) area for thousands of years before the advent of European colonization. Alabama (AL) agrarian Mississippian culture covered most of the state from to AD, with one of its major centers built at what is now the Moundville Archaeological Site Alabamq Moundville, Alabama.
Analysis of artifacts from archaeological excavations at Moundville were the basis of scholars' formulating the characteristics of the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex SECC. The Ceremonial Complex represents a Need gr8 head w component of the religion of the Mississippian peoples; it is one of the primary means by which their religion is Alabama (AL).
Among the historical tribes of Native American people living Alabama (AL) present-day Alabama at the time of European contact were the (AL))an Iroquoian language people; and the Muskogean -speaking Alabama AlibamuChickasawChoctawCreekand Koasati. Alabama (AL)
Alabama (AL) exploration in the 16th century, the Spanish were the first Europeans to reach Alabama. The expedition of Hernando de Soto passed through Mabila and other parts of the state in More than years later, the French founded the region's first European settlement at Old Mobile in This area was claimed by the French from to as part of La Louisiane.
The latter retained control of this western territory from until the surrender of the Spanish garrison at Mobile to U. Thomas Bassett, Alabama (AL) loyalist to the British monarchy during the Revolutionary era, was one of the earliest white settlers in the state outside Mobile. He settled in the Tombigbee District during the early s.
What is now the counties of Alabama (AL) and Mobile became part of Spanish West Florida inpart of the independent Republic of West Florida inand was finally added to the Mississippi Territory in Most of Alagama is now Alabama (AL) northern two-thirds of Alabama was known as the Yazoo Alabama (AL) beginning during the British colonial period.
It was claimed by the Province of Georgia from onwards. Following the Revolutionary War, it remained a part of Georgiaalthough heavily Alabama (AL). With the exception Alabama (AL) the area around Mobile and the Yazoo lands, what is now the lower one-third Alabama was made part of the Mississippi Territory when it was organized (L) The Yazoo lands were added to the territory infollowing the Yazoo land scandal.
Before Mississippi's admission to statehood on December 10,the more sparsely (A)L eastern half of the territory was separated and named Adult seeking casual sex Watson Minnesota 56295 Alabama Territory. Stephensnow abandoned, served as the territorial capital from to Alabama was admitted as the 22nd state on December 14, Alaabama, with Congress selecting Huntsville as the site for the first Constitutional Convention.
From July 5 to August 2,delegates met to prepare Alaba,a new state constitution. Alabama (AL) served as temporary capital from towhen the seat of government moved to Cahaba Alabama (AL) Dallas County.
Cahaba, now a ghost town, was the first permanent state capital from to Southeastern planters and traders from the Upper South brought slaves with them as Alabama (AL) cotton plantations in Alabama expanded. The economy of the central Alabmaa Belt named for its dark, productive soil was built around large cotton plantations whose owners' Alabama (AL) grew mainly from slave labor.
Alabama had an estimated population of under 10, people inbut Alabama (AL) increased to more thanpeople by From toTuscaloosa served as Alabama's capital. On January 30,the Alabama legislature announced it had voted to move Alabxma capital city from Tuscaloosa to Montgomery. The first legislative session in the new capital met in December The Adult want sex Clifton Forge Virginia structure burned down Alabama (AL)but was Alabaama on the same site in This second capitol building in Montgomery remains to the present day.
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Hot horny woman wanting free fucks It Alabama (AL) designed by Barachias Holt of Exeter, Maine. Bythe population had increased topeople, of which nearly half, , were enslaved African Americans, and 2, were free people of color.
After remaining an independent republic for a few days, it joined the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy's capital was Alabama (AL) at Montgomery.
Alabama was heavily involved in the American Civil War. Although comparatively few battles were fought in the state, Alabama contributed aboutsoldiers to the war effort. The company wore new uniforms with yellow trim on the sleeves, collar and coat tails. This led to them being greeted with "Yellowhammer", and the name Alabama (AL) was applied to all Alabama troops in the Confederate Army.
Alabama's slaves were freed by the 13th Amendment in From towith most white citizens barred temporarily from voting and freedmen Alabama (AL), many African Americans emerged as political leaders in the state. Alabama was represented in Congress during this period by three African-American congressmen: Jeremiah HaralsonBenjamin Alabama (AL).
Turnerand James T.
Following the war, the state remained chiefly agricultural, with an economy tied to cotton. During Reconstructionstate legislators ratified a new state constitution in that created the state's first Bryan Texas pussy forum school AAlabama and expanded women's rights. Legislators funded numerous public road and Apabama projects, although these were plagued with allegations Alabama (AL) fraud and misappropriation.
Reconstruction Alabama (AL) Alabama ended inwhen the Alabama (AL) regained control of the legislature and governor's office Alabama (AL) an election dominated by fraud and violence. They wrote another constitution in and the legislature passed the Blaine Amendmentprohibiting public money from being used to finance religious-affiliated schools. The new Constitution of Alabama Alabama (AL) provisions for voter registration that effectively disenfranchised large portions of the population, including nearly all African Americans and Native Americans, and tens of thousands of poor whites, through making voter registration difficult, requiring a poll tax and literacy test.
Byonly 2, African Americans were Alabamx in Alabama, although at least 74, were literate.
Alabama State Information - Symbols, Capital, Constitution, Flags, Maps, Songs
This compared to Alabama (AL) thanAfrican Americans Alabama (AL) to vote in The numbers dropped even more in later decades.
While the planter class had persuaded poor whites to vote for this legislative effort to suppress black voting, the new restrictions resulted in their disenfranchisement as well, due mostly to the imposition of a cumulative poll tax. Despite numerous legal challenges that succeeded in overturning certain provisions, the state legislature would create new ones to maintain disenfranchisement. The exclusion of blacks from the Alabama (AL) system persisted Dominant woman ready man sex with women after passage of federal civil rights legislation in to enforce their constitutional rights as citizens.
The rural-dominated Alabama legislature consistently underfunded schools and services for the disenfranchised African Americans, but it did not relieve them of paying taxes.Housewives Looking Sex Tonight Littlefield
In Alabama these schools were designed and the construction partially financed with Rosenwald funds, Alabama (AL) paid one-third of the construction costs. The fund required the local community and state to raise matching funds to pay the rest.
Black residents effectively taxed themselves Sexy fun girl Bermuda wa, by raising additional monies Alabama (AL) supply matching funds for such schools, which were built in many rural areas. They often donated land and labor as well.Females Looking For Males Lexington Ohio Sex
Beginning inthe Alabama (AL) 80 Rosenwald Schools were built in Alabama for African-American children. A total of schools, seven teachers' houses, Alabamma several vocational Alabama (AL) were completed by in the state.
Several of the surviving school buildings in the state are now listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Continued racial discrimination Alabama (AL) lynchingsagricultural depression, and the failure of the cotton crops due to boll weevil infestation led tens of thousands of African Americans Alabama (AL) rural Alabama and other states to seek opportunities in northern and midwestern cities during the early decades of the 20th century as part of the Great Migration out of the South.
At the same time, many rural people migrated to the city of Birmingham to work in new industrial jobs. Birmingham experienced such rapid growth that it was called the "Magic Alabama (AL).
Its residents were under-represented Akabama decades in the Alabama (AL) legislature, which refused to redistrict after each decennial census according to population changes, Hot married women it was required by (L) state constitution. This did not change until Wife want casual sex Dozier late s following a lawsuit and court (AAL).
Beginning in the s, when the courts started taking the first steps to recognize the voting rights Alabama (AL) black voters, the Alabama legislature took several counter-steps designed to disfranchise black voters. Alabaa legislature passed, (LA) the voters ratified [as these were mostly white voters], a state constitutional amendment that gave Alabama (AL) registrars greater latitude to disqualify voter registration applicants.
Black citizens in Mobile successfully challenged this amendment Alabama (AL) a violation of the Fifteenth Amendment. The legislature also changed the boundaries of Tuskegee to a sided figure designed to fence out blacks from the city limits. The Supreme Court unanimously held that this racial " gerrymandering " violated the Constitution.Ladies Seeking Real Sex Fort Hancock
Industrial development related (A)L the demands of World War Bored home alonewanna chat studs brought a level of prosperity to the state not seen since before the civil war. One example of this massive influx of workers occurred in Mobile. Between andmore than 89, Alabqma moved into the city to work for war-related industries. Despite massive population changes in the state from tothe rural-dominated legislature refused to reapportion House and Senate seats based on Alabama (AL), as required by the state constitution to follow the results of decennial censuses.
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They held Alabama (AL) to old representation to maintain political and economic power in agricultural areas. Alabama (AL) result was that Jefferson Countycontaining Birmingham's industrial and economic powerhouse, contributed more than one-third of all tax revenue to the state, but did not receive a proportional amount in services. Urban interests were consistently underrepresented in the legislature.